Urbanisation

Climate Adaptive and Water Management Practices for Cities in South Asia (CAMPS)
Funded : International Development Research Centre (IDRC )
Duration : 3 years
Project Lead : Dr. Vishal Singh

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The project is intended to address the water insecurity in the Mussoorie and Haldwani regions of Uttarakhand, largely aiming to develop climate adaptive and equitable water management practices and strategies (CAEWMPS) for water shortages. Main focus will be given on institutional building or transformation, informed by a diagnostic analysis of social, political and biophysical dimensions of the urban water system. Using an interdisciplinary and participatory approach, a variety of city-specific CAEWMPS will be developed and tested. Likely elements of CAEWMPS include: improving management of critical water zones and their catchments, informed city-scale water management planning, effective knowledge partnerships, and institutional frameworks and tools for enhancing water security under a
changing climate.

 





Mainstreaming the Role of Ecosystem Services in Water Supply of Nainital 
Funded : International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)
Duration : 9 months
Project Lead : Dr. Vishal Singh

img 3Nainital, being a top rated tourist place in the state of Uttarakhand due to the kidney shaped lake at its centre and dense forest around, receives heavy load of tourist every year. Water; being a basic need for every living, 90% of water supplied to population of Nainital, which is around 41000, comes from the lake. In recent years, due to unplanned construction, encroachment and degradation of recharge zones, deficit in winter rainfall in 2015-2016 and receding monsoon early in 2015 caused the rapid decline in lake water lever, about 20ft. It is topic of concern among the local people, environmental agencies, government authorities and ecologist.  Concrete constructions causing very low infiltration of rain water which enhances siltation, dumping debris in Sukhatal lake, which is major aquifer recharge area for Naini Lake, causing the lake to shrink from its 2hector area, the other important issue is the amount of water extracted from  lake which is about 17mld and it increases when there is tourist peak season-summer. 

Based on this CEDAR proposes to undertake a process to capture ecosystem services issue related to sustainability of water supply and the lake.  With this study, maps will be generated on catchment, forest areas, watershed ecosystem services and critical water zones. Along with this, ecologically sustainable water management for the city and improvement of present urban water system by cleaning 10 drains in city will be concluded. By the side of this, through an outreach activity community sensitization on importance of lake, ecology and catchment will be carried out. All these efforts are for conservation of the lake and its recharge zones and better practice for sustainable water use and environmental well being.